14. The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya Vibhaga Yoga

The Supreme Lord said: I shall now again describe to you that supreme wisdom, knowing which all the sages attained the supreme perfection beyond this mundane plane.
14:1 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

By taking refuge in this knowledge, the soul attains a nature (predominantly) similar to Mine. Then he is neither born at the time of universal creation, nor does he experience the pangs of death at the time of universal annihilation.
14:2 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Bharata, material nature, known as pradhana, is the womb into which I cast the seed (in the form of the individual soul which is born of the marginal potency). From that place, all beings headed by Lord Brahma are generated.
14:3 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Kaunteya, Brahman personified as mother nature is the progenitress of all the various bodies born within all species of life, headed by demigods and humans and I (as the causal consciousness) am the seed-giving father.
14:4 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O mighty hero, Arjuna, these three material modes of nature goodness, passion, and ignorance which are manifest from material nature, cause the unchangable, embodied spirit soul to be enslaved by mundane sentiments based on happiness, unhappiness, and de
14:5 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O sinless one, due to its comparatively purer nature among these three material modes, the mode of goodness is an illuminator of the nature of things and is of a peaceful nature. It enslaves the spirit by attachment to happiness and knowledge.
14:6 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O son of Kunti, you should know the mode of passion to be the embodiment of obsessions for sensual enjoyment. The origin of covetousness and infatuation, it enslaves the soul by attachment to action.
14:7 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

And, O Bharata, you should know that the mode of ignorance is born from darkness, and is the deluder of all beings. That mode of ignorance captivates the embodied by carelessness, laziness, and slumber.
14:8 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Arjuna, goodness conditions the soul to happiness, and passion conditions him to action. But the mode of ignorance, covering the living being's knowledge, conditions him to indolence, slothfulness, and slumber.
14:9 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Bharata, goodness overcomes passion and ignorance, passion overcomes goodness and ignorance, and ignorance overcomes goodness and passion. Each mode in turn conquers the others in an unending battle for supremacy.
14:10 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

When cognizance of the factual nature of the sense objects abundantly appears within the perceptual senses of this body, you should surely know this to be the characteristic development of the mode of goodness. This will be recognized by the aforemention
14:11 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Arjuna, most noble of the Bharata dynasty, know that greed, overexertion, ambitious attempts, incessant sensual pleasure, and desire are born when the mode of passion develops in a person.
14:12 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

O Kurunandana, with the influence of the mode of ignorance, all the symptoms of injudiciousness, despondency, indolence, and falsehood become manifest.
14:13 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

If any soul succumbs to the jaws of death at a time when predominantly the mode of goodness influences him, he goes to the pure planets of the worshipers of Hiranyagarbha (Brahma) and other gods.
14:14 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

When a person dies in the mode of passion, he takes birth in the karmi society of men addicted to fruitive work. If one dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth amongst the animal or other grossly ignorant species.
14:15 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

It is proclaimed by the learned that good works bestow a result of peace and happiness, passionate works result in misery, and ignorant works result in darkness or deathliness.
14:16 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

From the mode of goodness, knowledge arises; from the mode of passion, greed arises; and from the mode of ignorance, insanity, delusion, and foolishness ensue.
14:17 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

Persons in the mode of goodness ascend (up to Satyaloka), those in the mode of passion remain in the middle (in human society), and abominable fellows of ignorant nature fall down to the lower planes (of hellish suffering).
14:18 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

When a person perceives that apart from the three modes of nature there is no other cause of action in this modal world, and when he can know the Lord of the three modes, who is transcendental to them, he becomes divinely inspired with love for Me.
14:19 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

When the soul transcends these three modes of material nature from which the body is produced, and becomes absolutely liberated from birth, death, old age, and misery, he then tastes the ambrosia of divine love unalloyed by the modes of nature.
14:20 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

Arjuna said: O Lord, (1) by which symptoms can a person transcendental to these three modes of material nature be identified? (2) How does he behave, and (3) how does he transcend the modes?
14:21 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

The Supreme Lord replied: O Pandava, (1) one who neither resents the appearance of revelation (the effect of the mode of goodness), activation (the effect of the mode of passion), and stupefaction (the effect of the mode of ignorance), nor hankers for th
14:22 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

(3) A person who renders service exclusively unto Me (in My form of Syamasundara) by the path of pure devotion (unadulterated by all spurious attempts based on exploitation or renunciation), absolutely transcends these three modes of material nature. He
14:26 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

I alone am the original mainstay of the undivided divine vitality, the inexhaustible nectar, the timeless pastimes, and the sweetness of the ambrosia of profound love divine.
14:27 | The Three Modes of Material Nature : Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga

Srimad Bhagavad Gita