06. The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The Supreme Lord said: Know a genuine sannyasi and genuine yogi as the person who performs obligatory duties as enjoined in the scriptures, without expecting the fruits of his actions. One is not a sannyasi merely by renouncing the performance of the fir
6:1 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O Arjuna, you should know the path of selfless action, lauded by the learned as abnegation, to be nondifferent from the eightfold path of yoga meditation. This is because without the renunciation of fruitive desire and sensual craving (which is the essen
6:2 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Initially, action alone is said to be the cause of elevation for the sage desirous of attaining unflickering yoga meditation. When he has achieved continuous meditation, renunciation of all activity is delineated as the cause of his perfect trance in yog
6:3 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

When the yoga practitioner is no longer addicted to the enjoyable sense objects of sound, touch, form, taste, and smell, and when he is no longer attached to any action in pursuance of enjoying them, having achieved complete renunciation of all plans of
6:4 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The living being must be delivered from the dark well of material life by means of the mind detached from sense objects, and he must never in any way be flung down into the material world by the mind enchanted by sense objects because the mind is sometim
6:5 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

For the soul who has conquered his mind, his mind is his friend and well-wisher. For a person unable to control it, his own mind remains constantly engaged in his disservice, like an enemy.
6:6 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Free from attraction and aversion in the event of cold and heat, happiness and unhappiness, or honor and insult, the yogi who has mastered his mind remains deeply absorbed in yogic trance.
6:7 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

One who is always internally satisfied by dint of scriptural wisdom as well as by direct realization, who is always situated in divine consciousness, who is sense-controlled, and who has the vision of equality for a lump of earth, a rock, or gold, is kno
6:8 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

And know that superior to one with equal vision for earth, rocks, and gold, is the yogi who is capable of viewing with equipoised intelligence all living beings a natural well-wisher, an affectionate well-wisher, an enemy, an indifferent person, a mediat
6:9 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

A person beginning yoga practice should always reside alone at a solitary place, and controlling his mind and body, free from desire and sensual engagement, he should engage his mind in meditational trance.
6:10 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

At a pure place, not too high and not too low, the yogi should establish a secure seat of kusa-straw, deer-skin, and cloth. Then, sitting on that seat, subjugating all mental and sensual activity, and locking his mind at one point, he should practice med
6:11 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Soberly keeping his torso, head, and neck straight and upright, poised, the yogi should fix his gaze at the top of his nose without casting a glance in any other direction. Tranquil, fearless, and reposed in the vow of celibacy, he should then meditate o
6:13 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

In this way, constantly absorbing his mind in the yoga of meditation (dhyana-yoga), the yogi whose heart has been purged of sensual desires achieves emancipation from mundanity by attaining to the nondifferentiated Brahman, the effulgence that emanates f
6:15 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O Arjuna, yoga practice is impossible for anyone who overeats, undereats, oversleeps, or undersleeps.
6:16 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

For a person who eats, relaxes, and exerts himself in all duties in a regulated way, and who keeps regular hours in proper measure, the practice of yoga gradually becomes the source of dispelling all worldly suffering.
6:17 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

When a yogi, having checked all mental tendencies of worldliness situates his mind unwaveringly in soul-conception, then, devoid of mundane desires, he is said to be actually situated in yoga, or linked with the Absolute.
6:18 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Know it surely that just as a lamp-flame situated in a windless place never wavers, similarly, the mind of the yogi absorbed in soul-conception never flickers in its concentration.
6:19 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The state of perfect samadhi, or trance, is that in which the disciplined mind of the yogi gains detachment from even the slightest thought of mundane connotation. The yogi remains satisfied in the Lord alone, having directly seen the Supersoul by dint o
6:20 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Utterly abandoning all mental desires along with their mental images, in full awareness of the futility of mundane prospect, one must withdraw the senses from all material objects and engage himself in the aformentioned yoga practice.
6:24 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

With the help of intelligence controlled by dharana (the limb of the eightfold yoga in which the seat of intellect is brought into concentration), one should completely steady the mind within the soul. Then, by gradual practice, with-drawing the mind fro
6:25 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The naturally fickle and unsteady mind should be carefully withdrawn from whatever objects it pursues, and brought back under the control of the self.
6:26 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Devoid of passionate agitation, peaceful-hearted, free from the blemishes of attachment, fear, and anger, and endowed with the conception of the Absolute, such a yogi is blessed with the joy of realizing the divine nature of the soul.
6:27 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

In this way, through constant realization of his internal divine nature, the sinless yogi easily attains the profound ecstasy of Supersoul realization. (At this point the yoga practice mentioned herein is in accordance with the path of devotion [bhakti].
6:28 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

His heart united with the infinite consciousness, that master of yoga perceives consciousness in all beings. He sees the Supreme Soul within everyone, and everyone within the Supreme.
6:29 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

For one who sees Me in everything and sees the whole creation in Me alone, I am never unseen for him, and he is never unwitnessed by Me he never fails in thinking of Me.
6:30 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Although one, I am separately situated within the heart of every living being as the Supersoul, in My four-armed form measuring one pradesa (the distance between one's thumb and forefinger). Realizing Me, Syamasundara, as nondifferent from the Supersoul,
6:31 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

I consider highest of all masters of yoga the one who sees, as in his own case, the happiness and unhappiness of all beings to be equal he knows the joy and sorrow of others as his own.
6:32 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Arjuna said: O Madhusudana, due to the fickle nature of the mind, I cannot visualize the infinite stability of such a state of equilibrium in yoga as described by You.
6:33 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O Krsna, the mind is by its very nature fickle, the source of disturbing one´s judgement and agitating the senses and body. It is unconquerable and extremly obstinate. Therefore, I consider control of the mind by eightfold yoga practice to be practicall
6:34 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The Supreme Lord said: O heroic Arjuna, undoubt- edly the mind is fickle and extremely difficult to control. However, O son of Kunti, it is subjugated by repeatedly practicing the yoga of meditation on the Supersoul as taught by a bona fide spiritual mas
6:35 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

In My consideration, no doubt the yoga described by Me for controlling the mental faculty is difficult for the person of unrestrained mind. But one who zealously subjugates the mind by the authentic practice is definitely successful in yoga.
6:36 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Arjuna said: O Krsna, a mediocre person may, due to his faith in scripture, engage in yoga practice. However, lacking proper practice and abnegation, he subsequently deviates due to mundane propensities. It seems that he will surely be unsuccessful in yo
6:37 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O mighty hero, O Krsna, having deviated from the yoga path of attaining the Absolute, shelterless and fallen from the paths of both action and meditation, is not such a person utterly lost like a fragmented cloud?
6:38 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O Krsna! No one but You can dispel this doubt of mine. Please mercifully slash it at the root.
6:39 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The Supreme Lord said: O Arjuna, son of Kunti, the unsuccessful yogi does not suffer ruination either in this life or the next. He is not deprived of the pleasures of the heavenly planetary systems in this universe, nor is he denied the chance to persona
6:40 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

After residing for many years in all those heavenly planets that are attainable by the performers of great sacrifices such as the Asvamedha, the unsuccessful yogi takes the supreme goal.
6:41 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

On the other hand, if a person falls from his attempt in yoga after a considerably long period of practice, then certainly he takes birth in the home or lineage of teachers of yoga who are absorbed in yoga practice. Know that birth in such a location is
6:42 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

O son of Kuru, within one of the births I have just described to you, that unsuccessful yogi revives, from the practices of his previous life, his intelligence centered in the worship of the Supersoul. Thereafter, with renewed vigor, he again endeavors f
6:43 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Although undesirous due to some obstacle, he again becomes attracted to yoga, by dint of the practice he applied in his last life. And though he may be a practitioner still striving for perfection, he surpasses the path of fruitive action mentioned in th
6:44 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

With more arduous endeavor than previously, the yogi who fully purifies his consciousness by rejecting the filth of all worldly desires and mental images, finally achieves the fruit of many lifetimes of yoga practice. Thereafter, he reaches the supreme g
6:45 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

The yogi who is a worshiper of the Supersoul is superior to persons engrossed in severe austerities such as the candrayana, superior to the worshipers of Brahman, and superior to the fruitive workers. Know this certainly to be My conclusion. Therefore, O
6:46 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Among all types of yogis, the most elevated of all is the devotee who has full faith in the authoritative pure devotional scriptures, and who adores Me with all his heart by hearing and singing My divine glories, rendering all services unto Me. Certainly
6:47 | The Path of Meditation : Dhyana-yoga

Srimad Bhagavad Gita