07. Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-Vijnana-Yoga

The Lord said: O Partha, hear from Me how, with your heart devoted to Me, the Supreme Lord, abandoning all non-devotional pursuits based on action and knowledge, taking refuge in Me and gradually achieving My association, you will doubtlessly be able to
7:1 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Now I shall fully describe to you, with the taste of the flavor of My divine sweetness, this knowledge of My grand majestic splendor and opulences. After knowing all this, absolutely nothing will remain for you to know, being situated on this beautiful,
7:2 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Out of countless souls, some have reached the human form, and among many thousands of human beings, some endeavor for perception of the individual soul and the Supersoul; and among many thousands of such endeavorers who have attained to seeing the soul a
7:3 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

My deluding potency in this world is divided in eight ways: earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence, and false ego.
7:4 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O mighty hero, Arjuna, this worldly nature known as external, is inferior. But distinct from this nature, you should know My marginal potency, comprised of the individual souls, to be superior. This world is accepted by this superior conscious potency as
7:5 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Know it that all species, either moving or stationary, are produced from these two elemental natures, as the sphere of action and the knower of that sphere. And I alone am the cause of generation of the whole world, and the cause of its dissolution as we
7:6 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Arjuna, there is nothing superior to Me. Like gems strung on a thread, this entire creation depends on Me.
7:7 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O son of Kunti, by the potency of the primordial element of taste, I am situated as the basis of the flavor of water; and by the opulence of effulgence, I am present in the sun and moon. I am present in the Vedas as their primeval sound vibration, the le
7:8 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

I dwell in the pure fragrance of the earth, and in the radiance of fire. In all beings, I am present as the lifespan, and in ascetics, I am the power to endure duality such as cold and heat.
7:9 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Partha, know Me as the eternal primordial cause of all lifeforms. Of the intelligent, I am present as intelligence personified, and of the valiant, I am there as prowess personified.
7:10 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Arjuna, of the powerful, I am present as strength that is devoid of selfish interest and mundane attachment; and among all species of life, I am present as that sexual union which is in accordance with the principles of religion.
7:11 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Furthermore, you should know that all objects that be of the nature of goodness, passion, and ignorance are born of Me alone. Nevertheless, I am not in them. They, being subordinate to Me, exist in Me.
7:12 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

The entire world of living beings is completely deluded by this creation of the nature of three material modes. Therefore, no one can know Me, the Supreme Lord, who am superior to this whole creation, transcendental to these modes, and immutable.
7:13 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

This 'trimodal', supernatural, (alluring) deluding energy of Mine is practically insurmountable. However, those who fully surrender exclusively unto Me can certainly surpass this formidable fantasy.
7:14 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

These four types of evil-doers do not surrender unto Me: fruitive workers, who are just like animals; fallen persons who embrace the highest path, devotion, but later reject it, considering it inadequate or worthless; those whose knowledge is nullified b
7:15 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Arjuna, best of the Bharatas, four types of persons worship Me: the afflicted, the seeker of knowledge, the seeker of worldly or other-worldly enjoyment, and the pure-hearted seer of the soul. After attaining sufficient devotional merit (sukrti), they
7:16 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Among these four types of devotees, the enlightened soul, who is My exclusive devotee and whose consciousness is fully absorbed in Me, is the best of all. Because I in My form of Syamasundara am very dear to this sage, he also is dear to Me.
7:17 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Since their hearts are free from the nasty selfishness of addiction to sensual pleasures, all these persons are certainly dear to Me. But due to his divine self-realization, the pure-hearted sage becomes inseparable from Me, and is therefore very dear to
7:18 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

After many, many birds, the knowledgable person (who happens to attain the association of such a pure devotee) finally comes to understand that the whole universe of moving and stationary being is of the nature of Vasudeva alone, inasmuch as all are subo
7:19 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Persons whose good intelligence has been spoiled by illicit desires for exploitation and renunciation or other duplicitous pursuits, worship other godly personalities such as the Sun-god and the many demigods. Being enslaved by their instinct, they adopt
7:20 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

According to whichever demigod representing a form of Me a particular devotee desires to worship faithfully, I, as the Supersoul dwelling within his heart, make his faith strong for the deity of his choice.
7:21 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

After being endowed with this firm faith by Me, such a devotee goes on worshiping the deity of that demigod, and gains all his desired objects from that deity. Certainly this is enacted by My sanction alone, since I am the Supersoul situated within the h
7:22 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

But the fruit obtained by those provincially interested worshipers of the various demigods is temporary. They reach their respective gods, but My devotees obtain Me.
7:23 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

My eternal superexcellent nature, form, qualities, activities, pastimes, and associated paraphernalia are all transcendental to illusion. But unintelligent men, unable to know this reality, think of Me thus: 'Oh, the supra-mundane, formless impersonal Br
7:24 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

By My own sweet will, remaining concealed by an illusory image, I am not manifest to anyone and everyone. Therefore, non of these foolish persons can ever really know Me as the son of Vasudeva, who am independent of mundane birth and everexistent in My d
7:25 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Arjuna, I alone know everything and everyone, moving or stationary, of the past, present, and future. But on account of their perception being obscured either by My external deluding energy or by the internal potency of My sweet will, certainly there i
7:26 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

O Arjuna, chastiser of the enemy, from the very beginning of the universal creation, all forms of life are overwhelmed by ignorance born of duality based on happiness and unhappiness, which has its origin in desire and abhorrence of sensual predilection.
7:27 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

But on the other hand, the performers of virtuous deeds who have had the opportunity to associate with a pure devotee of Mine are purified of all sin. Free from the delusion born of duality based on happiness and unhappiness, and firmly established in co
7:28 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Desiring liberation from the miserable worldly current of alldevouring birth and death, those who take shelter of Me engage in My devotional service can know Brahman, the individual souls, and the many types of karma or exploitative action for which the
7:29 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

And those who know Me, as the basis of the universal principles of phenomenon, governance, and dispensation such persons, their hearts absorbed in Me, can know Me even at the time of death. Afflicted in the face of fearful death they do not forget Me.
7:30 | Relative and Absolute Conceptions of the Supreme : Jnana-vijnana-yoga

Srimad Bhagavad Gita