First Aid Box
A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid, and can be pu

1. First aid
First aid is the assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury,with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and/or promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing CPR whilst awaiting an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut. First aid is generally performed by the layperson, with many people trained in providing basic levels of first aid, and others willing to do so from acquired knowledge. Mental health first aid is an extension of the concept of first aid to cover mental health.
There are many situations which may require first aid, and many countries have legislation, regulation, or guidance which specifies a minimum level of first aid provision in certain circumstances. This can include specific training or equipment to be available in the workplace such as an automated external defibrillator , the provision of specialist first aid cover at public gatherings, or mandatory first aid training within schools. First aid, however, does not necessarily require any particular equipment or prior knowledge, and can involve improvisation with materials available at the time, often by untrained persons.First aid can be performed on all animals, although this article relates to the care of human patients.

2. Training
Basic principles, such as knowing to use an adhesive bandage or applying direct pressure on a bleed, are often acquired passively through life experiences. However, to provide effective, life saving first aid interventions requires instruction and practical training. This is especially true where it relates to potentially fatal illnesses and injuries, such as those that require cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR ; these procedures may be invasive, and carry a risk of further injury to the patient and the provider. As with any training, it is more useful if it occurs before an actual emergency, and in many countries, emergency ambulance dispatchers may give basic first aid instructions over the phone while the ambulance is on the way.
Training is generally provided by attending a course, typically leading to certification. Due to regular changes in procedures and protocols, based on updated clinical knowledge, and to maintain skill, attendance at regular refresher courses or re certification is often necessary. First aid training is often available through community organizations such as the Red Cross and St. John Ambulance, or through commercial providers, who will train people for a fee. This commercial training is most common for training of employees to perform first aid in their workplace. Many community organizations also provide a commercial service, which complements their community programmes.

3. Symbols
Although commonly associated with first aid, the symbol of a red cross is an official protective symbol of the Red Cross. According to the Geneva Conventions and other international laws, the use of this and similar symbols is reserved for official agencies of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, and as a protective emblem for medical personnel and facilities in combat situations. Use by any other person or organization is illegal, and may lead to prosecution.
The internationally accepted symbol for first aid is the white cross on a green background shown below. Some organizations may make use of the Star of Life, although this is usually reserved for use by ambulance services, or may use symbols such as the Maltese Cross, like the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and St John Ambulance. Other symbols may also be used.

4. Dressings and bandages
  • 25 adhesive bandages of various sizes brand names Band Aid, Curad, others
  • 5 sterile gauze pads 3 x 3 inches
  • 5 sterile gauze pads 4 x 3 inches
  • Gauze roll
  • Eye shield or pad
  • Roll of adhesive tape
  • Elastic bandage brand names ACE, Coban, others for wrapping wrist, elbow, ankle and knee injuries 3 to 4 inches wide
  • 2 triangular bandages for wrapping injuries and making arm slings
  • Sterile cotton balls and cotton tipped swabs

  • 5. Equipment and other supplies
  • 2 pair latex or non latex gloves These should be worn any time you may be at risk of contact with
  • blood or body fluid of any type.
  • Instant cold pack
  • 5 safety pins to easily fasten splints and bandages
  • Turkey baster or other suction device to flush out wounds
  • Aluminum finger splint
  • Syringe and medicine spoon for giving specific doses of medicine
  • Thermometer
  • Tweezers to remove ticks, insect stingers and small splinters
  • Scissors for cutting gauze
  • Breathing barrier for giving CPR
  • Blanket
  • Hand sanitizer liquid and/or wipes
  • First aid manual
  • List of emergency numbers

  • 6. Medicine for cuts and injuries
  • Antiseptic solution or wipes, such as hydrogen peroxide, povidone iodine one brand name Betadine or chlorhexidine one brand name Betasept
  • Antibiotic ointment brand names Neosporin, Bactroban that contain ingredients such as
  • bacitracin or mupirocin
  • Sterile eyewash or saline, such as contact lens saline solution
  • Calamine lotion for stings or poison ivy
  • Hydrocortisone cream, ointment or lotion for itching

  • 7. How to Use a First Aid Kit
    Make sure you know how to properly use all of the items in your kit, especially the medications. Train others in your family to use the kit. You may be the one who needs first aid.Pack and use barrier items such as latex gloves to protect yourself from the bodily fluids of others. Check the kit twice a year and replace expired drugs. Find out the phone number of your regional poison control center at the American Association of Poison Control Centers Web site and keep the number with your kit.

    8. Be Prepared for a Medical Emergency
    Almost everyone will need to use a first aid kit at some time. Take the time to prepare a kit to have available for home and travel. First aid kits may be basic or comprehensive. What you need depends on your medical training and how far you are from professional medical help. Ready made first aid kits are commercially available from chain stores or outdoor retailers. But you can make a simple and inexpensive first aid kit yourself. Be prepared to take enough medication to last at least as long as you may be traveling or for a few days more in case of delays . Carry your medical information with you. In case of emergencies when first aid is only the beginning of care, people should be prepared to give emergency personnel all of their current and past medical history.

    9. How to Make a First Aid Kit
    Try to keep your first aid kit small and simple. Stock it with multi use items. Almost anything that provides good visibility of contents can be used for a household first aid kit.
  • If your kit will be on the move, a water resistant, drop proof container is best.
  • Inexpensive nylon bags, personal kits, fanny packs, or make up cases serve very well.
  • You do not need to spend a lot of money on a fancy medical bag. Use resealable sandwich or oven bags to group and compartmentalize items.
  • Put wound supplies in one bag and medications in another.

  • 10. Personal Transfer Kit
    MedAires Personal Transfer Kit and Movable Disc Board help facilitate safe passenger transfers to/from wheelchairs, onboard aisle chairs and passenger seats in tight or awkward transfer scenarios. Along with minimizing potentially painful or embarrassing passenger physical contact, passenger transfer equipment oftentimes decreases the chances of injury to assisting personnel.

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    First Aid Box

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