HealthShlok

Fever

Fever is defined as a body temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the temperature.

1. Fever
A fever also known as a high fever or a high temperature is not by itself an illness. It s usually a symptom of an underlying condition, most often an infection.
Fever is usually associated with physical discomfort, and most people feel better when a fever is treated. But depending on your age, physical condition, and the underlying cause of your fever, you may or may not require medical treatment for the fever alone. Many experts believe that fever is a natural bodily defense against infection. There are also many non infectious causes of fever.
Fever is generally not considered dangerous, but hyperthermia can cause dangerous rises in body temperature. This can be due to an extreme temperature associated with heat injury such as heat stroke, side effects of certain medications or illicit drugs, and stroke. With hyperthermia, the body is no longer able to control body temperature.
In children with fever, accompanying symptoms such as lethargy, fussiness, poor appetite, sore throat, cough, ear pain, and diarrhea are important to relay to your doctor.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, if you have an infant younger than 4 months old with a rectal temperature of 100.4 F or above, you should immediately call your doctor or go to an emergency room because it could be a sign of a potentially life threatening infection. Also call your doctor or go to the emergency room if any child has a fever above 104 F. High fever can cause seizures in young children.

2. Who Gets Fever
Anyone who lives, visits or travels through the areas where the fungus grows in the soil these areas are called endemic may acquire Valley Fever.
Military personnel who may be training in these areas are also at risk.
People working in certain occupations such as construction, excavation, agricultural work, archaeological digging and other occupations which disturb soil in endemic areas may have an increased risk of exposure and disease.
Persons who pursue recreational activities such as biking or driving ATVs or 4 wheel drive vehicles in the desert may also be at increased risk.
Earthquakes that have occurred in endemic areas of California have also resulted in increased cases of Valley Fever.
Many domestic and native animals are susceptible to the disease, including dogs, horses, cattle, sheep, burros, coyotes, rodents, bats and snakes. Dogs are especially susceptible and often need long term therapy with anti fungal medications.

3. Symptoms
Most cases of Valley Fever are very mild. It is thought that over 60% of infected people have either no symptoms or experience flu like symptoms and never seek medical attention.
Of those patients seeking medical care, the most common symptoms are fatigue, cough, chest pain, fever, rash, headache and joint aches. Some people develop painful red bumps on their shins or elsewhere that gradually turn brown the medical term for these is erythema nodosum .
These symptoms are not unique to Valley Fever and can be caused by other illnesses. Therefore, identifying Valley Fever as the cause of illness requires specific laboratory tests.You have a fever when your temperature rises above its normal range. What s normal for you may be a little higher or lower than the average normal temperature of 98.6 F 37 C .
Depending on what s causing your fever, additional fever signs and symptoms may include:
Sweating
Shivering
Headache
Muscle aches
Loss of appetite
Dehydration
General weakness
High fevers between 103 F 39.4 C and 106 F 41.1 C may cause:
Hallucinations
Confusion
Irritability
Convulsions
Dehydration

4. When to see a doctor
Fevers by themselves may not be a cause for alarm or a reason to call a doctor. Yet there are some circumstances when you should seek medical advice for your baby, your child or yourself.

5. Causes
Fever occurs when an area in your brain called the hypothalamus hi poe THAL uh muhs also known as your body s thermostat shifts the set point of your normal body temperature upward. When this happens, you may feel chilled and add layers of clothing or wrap up in a blanket, or you may shiver to generate more body heat, eventually resulting in an elevated body temperature.
Normal body temperature varies throughout the day it s lower in the morning and higher in the late afternoon and evening. Although most people consider 98.6 F 37 C normal, your body temperature can vary by a degree or more from about 97 F 36.1 C to 99 F 37.2 C and still be considered normal. Factors such as your menstrual cycle or heavy exercise can affect your temperature.

6. Complications
Complications of a fever may include:
Severe dehydration
Hallucinations
Fever induced seizure febrile seizure , in a small number of children ages 6 months to 5 years
Febrile seizures
Febrile seizures usually involve loss of consciousness and shaking of limbs on both sides of the body. Although alarming for parents, the vast majority of febrile seizures cause no lasting effects.

7. How Is Fever Treated
A fever is a common sign of illness, but that s not necessarily a bad thing. In fact, fevers seem to play a key role in fighting infections. So should you treat a fever or let the fever run its course? Here s help making the call.
These recommendations are for otherwise healthy people for instance, those who are not immunocompromised or taking chemotherapy drugs and haven t recently had surgery.

8. Take a supplement
Considering taking a vitamin or supplement to treat Herpes labialis cold sores ? Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Herpes labialis cold sores . Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read user reviews for the drugs listed below.

9. Prevented
Wash your hands often and teach your children to do the same, especially before eating, after using the toilet, after spending time in a crowd or around someone who s sick, after petting animals, and during travel on public transportation.
Show your children how to wash their hands thoroughly, covering both the front and back of each hand with soap and rinsing completely under running water.
Carry moist towelettes or hand sanitizer with you for times when you don t have access to soap and water.
Try to avoid touching your nose, mouth or eyes, as these are the main ways that viruses and bacteria can enter your body and cause infection.
Cover your mouth when you cough and your nose when you sneeze, and teach your children to do likewise. Whenever possible, turn away from others when coughing or sneezing to avoid passing germs along to them.
Avoid sharing cups, water bottles and utensils with your child or children.

10. precautions
There is no need to worry or take action to bring down the temperature unless it is above 38 degree C or it is hard to tolerate. Wet cold compresses on the forehead, back of neck, wrists and calves will bring down the temperature. Take care not to reduce the temperature too much. A child with fever should not be sponged or bathed in cold or lukeworm water. This can lead to excessive drop of temperature that brings in shivering. Shivering may cause further rise in temperature. For this thermometer should be used frequently so that this could be reported to the doctor.

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Fever

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