HealthShlok

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.

1. What is Diabetes
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose blood sugar, either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the bodys cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty polydipsia and hungry polyphagia.

2. Who Gets Diabetes
In Canada, 1.8 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, and up to another half million do not yet know they are living with type 2 diabetes. Among Aboriginal people, the rate is three times higher than for the general population. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in Canada. Eighty percent of people with diabetes will die from a heart attack or stroke. Diabetes is the leading of cause of kidney failure, blindness and limb amputation in Canada today. In the United States, more than 17 million people have diabetes and 200,000 people die prematurely from diabetes every year. Worldwide, there are more than 240 million people with diabetes. By 2016, more than 3 million Canadians will be living with diabetes, and there will be more than 300 million around the world.

3. Symptoms
Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle or seemingly harmless if you have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you havent had diabetes symptoms.
In the United States alone, nearly 7 million people have undiagnosed diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. But you dont need to become a statistic. Understanding possible diabetes symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment and a lifetime of better health. If youre experiencing any of the following diabetes signs and symptoms, see your doctor.
People with type 2 diabetes often do not have any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they are often ignored because they may not seem serious. Symptoms in type 1 diabetes usually come on much more suddenly and are often severe.
Common symptoms of diabetes include
  • Excessive thirst and appetite
  • Increased urination sometimes as often as every hour
  • Unusual weight loss or gain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea, perhaps vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • In women, frequent vaginal infections
  • In men and women, yeast infections
  • Dry mouth
  • Slow healing sores or cuts
  • Itching skin, especially in the groin or vaginal area

  • 4. what are the symptoms of diabetes
    Frequent urination Have you been going to the bathroom to urinate more often recently? Do you notice that you spend most of the day going to the toilet? When there is too much glucose sugar in your blood you will urinate more often. If your insulin is ineffective, or not there at all, your kidneys cannot filter the glucose back into the blood. The kidneys will take water from your blood in order to dilute the glucose which in turn fills up your bladder. Disproportionate thirst If you are urinating more than usual, you will need to replace that lost liquid. You will be drinking more than usual. Have you been drinking more than usual lately? Intense hunger As the insulin in your blood is not working properly, or is not there at all, and your cells are not getting their energy, your body may react by trying to find more energy food. You will become hungry. Weight gain This might be the result of the above symptom intense hunger. Unusual weight loss This is more common among people with Diabetes Type 1. As your body is not making insulin it will seek out another energy source the cells arent getting glucose. Muscle tissue and fat will be broken down for energy. As Type 1 is of a more sudden onset and Type 2 is much more gradual, weight loss is more noticeable with Type 1. Increased fatigue If your insulin is not working properly, or is not there at all, glucose will not be entering your cells and providing them with energy. This will make you feel tired and listless. Irritability Irritability can be due to your lack of energy. Blurred vision This can be caused by tissue being pulled from your eye lenses. This affects your eyes ability to focus. With proper treatment this can be treated. There are severe cases where blindness or prolonged vision problems can occur. Cuts and bruises dont heal properly or quickly Do you find cuts and bruises take a much longer time than usual to heal? When there is more sugar glucose in your body, its ability to heal can be undermined. More skin and/or yeast infections When there is more sugar in your body, its ability to recover from infections is affected. Women with diabetes find it especially difficult to recover from bladder and vaginal infections. Itchy skin A feeling of itchiness on your skin is sometimes a symptom of diabetes.
    Gums are red and/or swollen Gums pull away from teeth If your gums are tender, red and/or swollen this could be a sign of diabetes. Your teeth could become loose as the gums pull away from them. Frequent gum disease/infection As well as the previous gum symptoms, you may experience more frequent gum disease and/or gum infections. Sexual dysfunction among men If you are over 50 and experience frequent or constant sexual dysfunction erectile dysfunction, it could be a symptom of diabetes.
    Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands If there is too much sugar in your body your nerves could become damaged, as could the tiny blood vessels that feed those nerves. You may experience tingling and/or numbness in your hands and feet.

    5. precautions
    Members of your diabetes care team doctor or primary care provider, diabetes nurse educator, and dietitian, for example can help you learn the basics of diabetes care and offer support along the way. But its up to you to manage your condition. Learn all you can about diabetes. Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. Maintain a healthy weight. Monitor your blood sugar level, and follow your doctors instructions for managing your blood sugar level. Ask your diabetes treatment team for help when you need it.
    High blood sugar can weaken your immune system, which makes routine vaccines more important than ever. Ask your doctor about
  • Flu vaccine. A yearly flu vaccine can help you stay healthy during flu season as well as prevent serious complications from the flu.
  • Pneumonia vaccine. Sometimes the pneumonia vaccine requires only one shot. If you have diabetes complications or youre age 65 or older, you may need a five year booster shot.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the hepatitis B vaccine for adults with diabetes who havent previously received the vaccine and are younger than 60. If youre age 60 or older and have never received the hepatitis B vaccine, talk to your doctor about whether its right for you.
  • Other vaccines. Stay up to date with your tetanus shot. Your doctor may recommend other vaccines as well.

  • 6. Homeopathy
    Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which our bodys use of food for production of energy is affected. Most of the food we eat is carbohydrates, and this is broken down by the digestive juices into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body. After digestion, the glucose passes into our bloodstream where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, facilitates the entry of glucose into our cells. When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to produce the right amount of insulin to move the glucose from our blood into our cells. In diabetics, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Due to this, glucose levels rise in the blood, floods into the urine and passes out of the body, making the body lose its main source of fuel.

    7. Ayurved
    In todays stressful modern living, incidence of Diabetes is definitely increasing. Every now and then we come across patients of Diabetes seeking Ayurvedic treatment and advice. Here is a brief description of Prameha Diabetesdiabetes Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to make proper use of glucose resulting in hyperglycemia high blood sugar and glycosuria sugar in urine.

    8. The non drug treatment of Diabetes
    If you have type 1 diabetes, you must take daily insulin injections to keep your blood glucose in a normal range. Your body produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a vital hormone that helps your body convert food into energy. Without insulin, you would die.
    If you have type 2 diabetes, the answer to this question is much less clear. Many people can keep their blood glucose in a healthy range without medications either oral diabetes medications or insulin injections if they lose weight and keep their weight down, are regularly physically active, and follow a meal plan that helps them keep portion sizes under control and helps them spread the amount of carbohydrate they eat at each meal throughout the day.
    Eventually, however, many people with type 2 diabetes find that despite their best efforts, weight control, exercise and diet arent enough to keep their blood glucose in a healthy range. This is not unusual. One theory is that some peoples insulin producing cells just get tired out from having to produce more and more insulin because their cells are resistant to the effects of insulin.
    If your healthcare team tells you that you need to take oral diabetes medications or insulin injections to manage your blood glucose, its important that you follow their instructions. Keeping your blood glucose in a healthy range is key to preventing long term complications, such as eye disease, kidney disease, heart attacks, and other problems that poorly controlled blood glucose can cause over a period of years.

    9. Acupuncture
    A great deal depends on which type of diabetes you are asking about. Type 1 diabetes, the insulin dependent variety, is not likely to be amenable to acupuncture treatment. In nearly all cases there is no residual pancreatic function, and the sufferer will have to take insulin by injection for life. There may be a case to be made for using acupuncture to enhance the whole system in an attempt to reduce the long term impact of circulatory problems which tend to develop in later years, but there is no evidence to back up claims that treatment can do this. Anecdotally we hear of patients who believe that some of the numbness, or neuropathic pain or erectile dysfunction which accompanies the condition has been resolved to a degree, but the evidence is not plentiful.

    10. Biofeedback
    A technique in which various monitoring devices are used to help a person learn to voluntarily alter normally involuntary body functions such as brain activity, blood pressure, muscle tension, or heart rate.Biofeedback has been shown to be helpful in treating a number of medical conditions, including asthma, Raynaud disease intermittent episodes of decreased blood flow to the extremities, hot flashes, incontinence, and high blood pressure. It also seems to help people relax and enter a calmer state of mind, enhancing their overall health and well being.
    Biofeedback can be administered in a number of ways. An electromyogram EMG uses electrodes or other sensors to measure muscle tension. By showing people when their muscles are tensed, it can help them learn to relax these muscles, possibly alleviating such conditions as backaches, headaches, and neck pain, which are sometimes associated with muscle tension. It can also be helpful for medical conditions that are worsened by stress, such as asthma.
    In temperature biofeedback, sensors are attached to the persons fingers or feet to measure skin temperature. A low skin temperature reading may indicate stress, so such a reading can serve as a prompt to begin relaxation techniques. This type of biofeedback may be useful in easing conditions related to circulation, including migraines and peripheral vascular disease.
    In galvanic skin response training, sensors measure the activity of a persons sweat glands and the amount of perspiration on the skin, both of which are affected by anxiety. This type of biofeedback can be used to treat phobias and anxiety.

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    Diabetes

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