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Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes.

1. Bronchitis
Bronchitis is a respiratory disease in which the mucus membrane in the lungs bronchial passages becomes inflamed.As the irritated membrane swells and grows thicker, it narrows or shuts off the tiny airways in the lungs, resulting in coughing spells that may be accompanied by phlegm and breathlessness.The disease comes in two forms acute lasting from one to three weeks and chronic lasting at least 3 months of the year for two years in a row.People with asthma may also have asthmatic bronchitis, inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes.

Acute bronchitis may be responsible for the hacking cough and phlegm production that sometime accompany an upper respiratory infection. In most cases, the infection is viral in origin, but sometimes its caused by bacteria. If you are otherwise in good health, the mucus membrane should return to normal after youve recovered from the initial lung infection, which usually lasts for several days. Chronic bronchitis is a serious long term disorder that often requires regular medical treatment.


2. Who Gets Bronchitis
No matter who they are, what their job, or where they live, people who smoke cigarettes are more likely to experience chronic bronchitis. The American Lung Association reports that the disease develops in nearly nine million people in the United States every year. Bronchitis affects people of all ages, but those who are 45 years or older get it more often, and women are more susceptible than men. More than 10 million people have bouts of acute bronchitis every year; most are children less than 5 years of age, who typically get it in winter and early spring. The viruses that can cause acute bronchitis are contagious. People can get a viral infection from someone who is infected if they come into contact with that persons respiratory fluids. The virus also can spread from person to person through the air by way of the droplets from a sneeze or cough. Generally, chronic bronchitis is not contagious.

3. symptoms
The most common symptom of acute bronchitis is a cough that usually is dry and hacking at first. After a few days, the cough may bring up mucus. You may have a low fever and feel tired. Most people get better in 2 to 3 weeks. But some people continue to have a cough for more than 4 weeks. If your symptoms get worse, such as a high fever, shaking chills, chest or shoulder pain, or shortness of breath, you could have pneumonia. Pneumonia can be serious, so its important to see a doctor if you feel like youre getting sicker.

4. Types of bronchitis
There are three kinds of bronchitis. Acute bronchitis comes on quickly and is typically the result of a bad cold or flu. It generally lasts about 10 days. In severe cases, a bad cough can persist up to a month as the bronchi heal. The acute form also can be caused by an allergy or by inhaling irritating substances in the air, such as smoke from a fire. Chronic KRAH nik, persistent or recurring bronchitis is caused by continuing or repeated inflammation of the lungs over a period of time, at least 2 to 3 months, and it can persist or come and go over years. Excess mucus is produced, and the lining of the bronchi thickens. This leads to a bad cough and restricted airflow. People who smoke heavily and those with chronic lung disease are most likely to experience chronic bronchitis. The third type, asthmatic bronchitis, is seen in people with persistent asthma.

5. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis
Bronchitis symptoms often mimic those of a cold. A cough that brings up mucus is common. Symptoms of acute bronchitis may include wheezing, tiredness, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. If the cause is a viral or bacterial infection, the patient may have a fever. Chronic bronchitis usually is marked by a cough that lasts 3 months or longer, tightness in the chest, and trouble breathing. Bronchitis often is confused or lumped together with other conditions. The doctor usually will rule out other causes for coughing and breathing problems to make the diagnosis. Besides listening to a persons breathing, the doctor may order a chest X ray to check for pneumonia or a lung function test to check for asthma.

6. How Is Bronchitis Treated
Many doctors prescribe antibiotics for acute bronchitis, although these medicines often do not work because they cannot cure viral infections. Bronchodilator drugs may be prescribed to help open the airways, either in pill form or as a spray inhaler. Over the counter medications can be used to minimize pain and lessen cough. Patients also are advised to get a lot of rest, eat a well balanced diet, and drink lots of fluids. It is suggested that people who have chronic bronchitis stop smoking and avoid dust, fumes, and cold or dry air. Cough medicine and vaporizers may help. Antibiotics often are prescribed when symptoms flare up acutely in a person with chronic bronchitis.

7. Prevented
Since many cases are caused by a viral infection, washing the hands and not sharing drinks or eating utensils with someone who is infected can help to prevent acute bronchitis. Many cases of chronic bronchitis can be prevented or its symptoms made less severe by not smoking. In fact, if people did not smoke, most cases of chronic bronchitis would never develop. People with chronic bronchitis or other chronic lung diseases are usually advised to get a yearly influenza * vaccination to prevent symptoms from flaring up in response to infection with flu viruses.

8. precautions
Bronchitis is caused by the bacterial infection that triggers the allergic reaction in the body. It makes things worse by inflaming the bronchi in the lungs. Cough, breathlessness, chest pain are the most common symptoms of Bronchitis. It is accompanied by accumulation of mucus in the digestive tract of the body.
Whilst, there are prescribed medications available in the market to treat Bronchitis, they are ridden with chemicals that can have harmful side effects. In contrast to them, the natural remedies to treat bronchitis are not only potentially effective, but without any side effects as well.
Tulsi leaves act as a medicine for various diseases and Bronchitis is no exception. Chewing tulsi leaves gives a huge relief from cough and cold. Tulsi can also be used in a mixture of other herbs like ginger and honey can be added to the mixture for improving taste.

9. Homeopathy
The sphere of Aconite in bronchitis is limited to the onset of the affection, and here it must be distinguished carefully from other remedies also suitable to this stage. When, as a result of checked perspiration, exposure to cold, drafts or dry, cold winds,a cold is taken starting in with a coryza, frequent sneezing, chilliness,restless sleep,full,hard pulse, and the characteristic mental condition, Aconite will come in,though its stage is a brief one is usually over before the physician sees the case. It is of use, therefore,only before the inflammation is localized. Dr. Pope says that Aconite will often prevent the development of a thorough bronchitis. If the cases are characterized by lassitude and physical weakness and indisposition with a full flowing pulse and moderate congestion, then Aconite is supplanted by Gelsemium. Often times it is difficult to determine which of these remedies is indicated, when Ferrum phosphoricum must be considered, and more especially so in the bronchitis of children,where it will often check the trouble. It stands therefore,midway between Aconite and Gelsemium, with less restlessness and bounding pulse than the former and less flowing pulse and drowsiness than the latter remedy. It corresponds to cases where every little cold adds to trouble, the cough is short and dry, the lungs are sore, and the breathing is somewhat oppressed. Veratrum viride suits violent cases from the first where there is high temperature, full,hard rapid pulse, and great heat of the body. It differs from Aconite in having no anxiety and no restlessness. When the arterial turgescence is over its period of usefulness is past.

10. Ayurved
In Ayurveda, Bronchitis is also known as kasa roga. Ayurveda considers bronchitis to be primarily caused by impaired digestion. Therefore, as treatment for bronchitis, physicians prescribe drugs that have the ability to correct both the lungs and stomach. The impairment of digestive processes and the remedies chosen for its cure are those that help in restoring the digestive balance too. Bronchitis is characterized by inflammation of bronchial tubes that carry air to the lungs which results in discharge of muco purulent substance, also known as phlegm. It is a disease endemic to cold, damp climates, but can occur anywhere.
Bronchitis can occur as symptom of several other diseases like tuberculosis. The inflammation attacks the mucous membrane of the bronchi to which phlegm adheres and there is difficulty in expelling it. The phlegm when expelled is found to be viscid and purulent. However, due to tendency of viscid phlegm to stick to bronchi, a difficulty in breathing is felt and the lungs are starved of air.
In acute cases of bronchitis, there will be rise in temperature, constant cough, breathlessness, pain in chest, abdominal pain, nasal congestion due to excess phlegm, hoarse voice and loss of appetite, and in chronic form it results in manifestation of tuberculosis. Therefore, if no proper care is taken the disease gets chronic as it may deteriorate into bronchial asthma. Chronic bronchitis may also be caused due to airborne allergens like cigarette smoke and environment pollution accompanied by chronic cough.
Ayurvedic treatments
The simplest form of treatment for bronchitis is the administration of a teaspoonful of turmeric powder with a glass of milk twice or thrice a day. It acts best when taken on empty stomach. A powder made of equal quantities of dried ginger, black pepper and long pepper, mixed with honey can also be administered thrice a day. Due to the anti pyretic qualities of the powder, these three deal with bronchitis and balances the metabolism of the patient.
Some standard medicines advised by ayurveda for acute and chronic bronchitis are juice of vasa, honey, Rasa Sindur, Pravala Pisthi, Sitopaladi Churna, Kaphachintamani, kaphaketu, Shringyadi churna etc. In case of a congested throat that accompanies bronchitis, Khadiradi Vati gives effective relief, due to the presence of catechu that helps relieve congestion. In case of an infection, the patient suffers from fever and these medicines cure fever as well, due to their anti pyretic and stimulant effects.
The herb

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Bronchitis

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